Powerlifting

Powerlifting Prereq's

By Dr. Jordan Shallow DC on Mar 5, 2020 3:05:00 PM
6 Minutes Reading Time

 

Powerlifting has grown immensely since the squat, press and deadlift reemerged on the scene with the rise of CrossFit in the late 2000s. Fast forward to 2020, The popularity of the power lifts (Squat, Bench, Deadlift) far exceeds the sport itself. With squat racks and deadlift platforms being staples in big-box commercial gyms. 

This popularity paired with the accessibility of what was once seen as niche equipment has drastically minimized the barrier of entry for people to be performing powerlifting movements. This has helped break the stigma around what always has been extremely effective and economical. 

With all that being said there are precautions that should be taken for those looking to pursue the endless benefits of these barbell movements, here are a few stepping stones for each movement that will help you acquire the base-level skills needed to make seamless progression in each lift.

Low Bar Squat 

The low bar squat is a very specific variation of the squat which minimizes bar travel and maximizes leverages in pursuit of moving the greatest amount of weight possible.

With great power comes great responsibility.

In order to make sure this movement is performed in a manner in which is both safe and effective there are a few movement check-lists, we should tick-off before the bar gets low.

  1. The Counterbalance Squat: With arms at shoulder height, elbows fully extended this squat variation will be self-limiting in the load we are able to use. It will teach us the importance of core control and initiate the squat with the knees. 

  2. The Goblet Squat: Now with the load a little bit closer to our body we are able to load a bit more weight, still focusing on initiating with the knees, the goal will be to maintain an upright torso.

  3. Front Squat: This is the first barbell variation of squatting pattern that a lifter should be practicing. Maintaining a proper front rack position and an active thoracic spine, there are a lot of moving parts to this lift. 

  4. High Bar Squat: With the bar finally on our backs, we want to ensure good spinal bracing, feet slightly wider than in stances prior, we are going to take a deep breath in, tuck our rib cage down and descend into the hole of the squat. Understanding that we are going to have to slightly begin to “sit back” into the hole, and load into our hips and back.

  5. Low Bar Squat: Once we have checked all the above boxes and made progressions in both volume and load. I.e done more reps and more weight with the previous squatting patterns, we can be more confident in our base level skills of squatting to begin to employ the low bar squat into our programming. 

Bench Press 

The barbell bench press is a unique movement when compared to the other two power lifts, as it is the only one of the three lifts that relies on the external support of a bench, and is the only one of the lifts which has the lifter horizontal. The biggest fear around the bench press is that the bench press is bad for your shoulders, now there might be some truth to this, and here is why. 

If we think about how an athlete might use their shoulders to throw a punch or throw a fastball and then we think about how a bench presser would use his or her shoulders to complete the movement we will see one main difference. 

The bench presser will be cueing retraction and depression of the shoulder blades. Which is to say, the bench presser will have to “squeeze their shoulder blades together”. Imagine Mike Tyson stepping into the ring and he had to keep his shoulders blades together? Or if Randy Johnson was on the mound and had to keep his scaps retracted? For all athletic pursuits other than the bench press, we use an integrated movement of the shoulder called upward rotation. 

Upward rotation of the scapula is a movement performed primarily by a muscle called the serratus anterior, an integral part of our shoulder complex. So if bench pressing is going to become a staple movement in our programming we need to consider keeping this serratus active.

Enter, the Kettel Bell Windmill. 

The KB windmill is one of the most efficient and effective bench press prerequisites. It requires a range of motion in thoracic extension and rotation as well as a stable serratus anterior to ensure a rock-solid shoulder blade. 

When performed correctly and frequently this movement acts as a great complement to a bench press in a program. 

Deadlift

“Don’t deadlift, it’s bad for you back”

If I had a dollar for every time I heard this phrase, I frankly wouldn’t be recording podcasts on the internet anymore…

The problem with this commonly cited piece of gym lore, is that in the majority of cases it actually reigns true. But the deadlift is a little like a gun, it doesnt kill people. People kill people, more specifically stupid people kill people.

When it comes to movement prerequisites to make sure that the deadlift is an effective and safe tool in our arsenal of exercises we need to look to one muscle group and movements that reign supreme.

Often times when looking at the stability of the spine we can get lost in the endless maze of “rehabby” core exercises. But when it comes to the deadlift we need to take an Occam’s razor approach. The simplest answer is likely the right answer.

If we think about the unique mechanics of the deadlift we quickly realize that the lats play an integral roll in the success of the lift. And it’s here where we start to create a hard stop when it comes to movement prerequisites 

Simply put, if you can’t do a bodyweight pullup, you have no business doing a barbell deadlift. If those same lats you’re going to be using to stabilize your spine in a deadlift cannot stabilize and move your own bodyweight, then you are not far along in your continuum of strength to have earned the right to barbell deadlift. 

Conclusion

The popularity of the squat, bench and deadlift has been one of the most polar shifts in public perception around lifting trends in the last 25 years. 

Three exercises that were once demonized, destined to a niche existence for those ”hardcore” lifters are now celebrated and easily accessible for the general public to perform. As we move forward into the next 25 years the inclusion of these exercises will continue to raise the standard of knowledge around training and health.

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Dr. Jordan Shallow DC

Dr. Jordan Shallow DC, of Windsor, Ontario is a Chiropractor, Strength and Conditioning Coach, Performance Consultant, Educator, and Powerlifter. From humble beginnings in southwestern Ontario, Jordan currently travels the world teaching principles of human performance and injury risk management. Jordan is the former chiropractor at Apple world Headquarters in Cupertino, Ca. Owned and operated two separate clinics in the Silicon Valley while maintaining the role of Head Strength and Conditioning Coach for the Stanford University Rugby Team. He is the Cohost the RX’D RADIO Podcast and as well as Co-founder, President and Director of Education for Pre-Script, an industry leader in fitness education and exercise programming. Beyond his formal commitments, he contracts as a performance consultant and works one-on-one with NCAA Division 1, NHL, NFL UFC, and Olympic athletes. His service is to provide bespoke sport performance and injury risk management strategies and create a more sport-specific exercise and corrective exercise program focused primarily on fatigue management and proper execution.

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